Study on hypo sludge as partially replaced cement in concrete

Hypo Sludge:- Hypo Sludge is a waste material collected from the Paper Industry. It is used as cement replacement in producing concrete and was investigated on its chemical and physical properties. Construction material with natural resources now become limited and causes of air pollution and environmental problems. it becomes a new innovation

Compaction And Strength Characteristics of Terra Zyme And ...

.Hypo Sludge consists of short fiber, ink and some other impurities .The presence of hydrated lime that is calcium hydroxide along with chemical impurities is referred as lime sludge .After de inking and re pulping process, Hypo Sludge is found to have higher moisture content .Hence it is dried up before its …

The composition and treatment of active sludge - WaterWorld

Active sludge that is to be evaluated for protozoa should preferably be examined immediately. Sludge samples for measuring filamentous bacteria and sludge floc composition can be kept for around 14 days in a refrigerator. The first characterization of the sludge floc is carried out at 100 - …

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON USE OF HYPO SLUDGE IN …

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON USE OF HYPO SLUDGE IN CEMENT ... IS‐1727:1967 "Test Methods for Pozzolanic Materials" had been followed for chemical analysis of the hypo‐sludge and cement. Table 1 gives the results of chemical analyses. Table 1 ...

COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES OF PETROLEUM SLUDGE …

physico-chemical properties and group composition of petroleum sludge in detail and the second one – investigation of possibility of sludge qualified treatment. 2. Experimental For the experiments we used sludge recently formed at Turkmenbashi Refinery (Turkmenistan). To study the sludge composition and properties as well as to

Sodium hypochlorite | NaOCl - PubChem

The chemical parameters, antimicrobial activity, and tissue toxicity of two sodium hypochlorite soln buffered to a physiol pH were studied. Initially, a 0.5% sodium hypochlorite soln buffered with 3 g of sodium phosphate, monobasic /l was examined. The soln had a pH of 7.49 and an osmolality of 352 …

Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - Chemical ...

Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract - ... A regional survey of sewage sludge composition was conducted by obtaining data for 30 constituents in > 250 sewage sludge samples from approximately 150 treatment plants located in 6 states in the north-central region and 2 in the eastern region. ... Chemical composition and reactions with soils ...

properties and composition of hypo sludge

Hypo Sludge | Concrete | Construction Aggregate- properties and composition of hypo sludge,Hypo sludge behaves like cement because of silica and magnesium properti The Coarse Aggregates from crushed Basalt rock75 mm are used as coarse aggregatefig Since it helps to from the strength giving cement gelCHAPTER 2 SLUDGE SOURCES, CHARACTERISTICS,CHAPTER 2 SLUDGE …

Sodium hypochlorite - Wikipedia

Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the formula NaOCl or NaClO, comprising a sodium cation (Na +) and a hypochlorite anion (OCl − or ClO −It may also be viewed as the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid.The anhydrous compound is unstable and may decompose explosively. It can be …

INNOVATIVE USE OF PAPER INDUSTRY WASTE (HYPO SLUDGE…

INNOVATIVE USE OF PAPER INDUSTRY WASTE (HYPO SLUDGE) IN DESIGN MIX CONCRETE ... The test results are carried out by chemical composition. To find out the feasibility of using sludge …

Innovative Use of Paper Industry Waste (Hypo Sludge) in ...

test house Baroda. Chemical properties and physical properties of hypo sludge are as per Table 1 and Table 2. Figure 1 show the hypo sludge which is collected from Rainbow Papers Limited, Gujarat. Figure1. Hypo Sludge Source: Rainbow Papers Limited, Gujarat Table1. Chemical properties of hypo sludge Sr. …

Research Paper INNOVATIVE USE OF PAPER INDUSTRY …

Research Paper INNOVATIVE USE OF PAPER INDUSTRY WASTE (HYPO SLUDGE) IN DESIGN MIX CONCRETE ... addition of hypo sludge and further increased in hypo sludge reduces the strengths gradually. This research work is ... actually participates in the chemical reaction with cement. Since it helps to from the strength giving

KEY WORDS IJSER

sludge is found to be 2.17. The chemical composition of cement and Hypo sludge is presented in Table.1. 3.0 EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM . In this research work an attempt is made to produce sludge concrete specimens constituting hypo sludge. The proportion of binder components (i.e.) the percentage of hypo sludge …

Application of Fine Aggregate by Replacement of Tannery ...

The innovative use of hypo sludge in concrete formulations as a supplementary cementitious material was tested as an alternative to traditional concrete. ... the possible chemical composition is ...

Sewage: Meaning, Composition and Disposal

The composition of sewage mainly depends upon per capita consumption of water and varies from place to place and season to season. The sewage composition can be studied under following two heads: 1. Chemical Composition: Chemically, the sewage consists of approximately 99% water and 1% inorganic …

Experimental Investigation on Hypo Sludge Concrete by ...

produce low cast concrete by blending various ratios of cement with hypo sludge. For disposal, the chemical wastes are hypo sludge and lime sludge required more spaces of landfill. Hypo sludge behaves like cement because of silica and magnesium properties. The silica and magnesium improve the setting of concrete. In this project sikacrete ...

UTILIZATION OF HYPO SLUDGE IN NORMAL CONCRETE

The preliminary waste from paper industry is named as hypo sludge. In this study the material obtained from the paper industry waste (hypo sludge) is admixed with Portland cement at different replacement levels. The properties of concrete to be investigated include workability, setting time,

Behavior of Concrete under Partial Replacement of Hypo ...

Chemical composition of hypo sludge & specific gravities of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, hypo sludge & foundry sand were determined. Chemical Properties of Hypo-Sludge The chemical properties & their percentage amount of the constituents of hypo sludge were tested in a lab. These chemical properties of PPC & Hypo sludge were compared.

The pozzolanic properties of paper sludge waste ...

Chemical and mineralogical composition of the starting paper sludge The results obtained for the chemical composition, by traditional methods, of the raw sludge are given in Table 1 . The analyses show that this dry industrial waste is formed mainly of silica, alumina and calcium oxide.

Sodium hypochlorite | NaOCl - PubChem

The chemical parameters, antimicrobial activity, and tissue toxicity of two sodium hypochlorite soln buffered to a physiol pH were studied. Initially, a 0.5% sodium hypochlorite soln buffered with 3 g of sodium phosphate, monobasic /l was examined. The soln had …

Investigation Of Low Cost Concrete Using Fly Ash And Paper ...

Investigation Of Low Cost Concrete Using Fly Ash And Paper Industry Waste Hypo Sludge. Paper making generally a large amount of solid waste. Paper fibers can be recycled only a limited number of times before they become too short or weak to make high quality paper.

Value-added Products from Palm Sludge Oil - Science Alert

The very short chain fatty acid has been recovered from palm sludge oils, a by-product of palm oil mills using vacuum distillation method. The recovered very short chain fatty acid contains mainly C6 fatty acid which is a valuable fine chemical in perfume industry. The very short chain fatty acid perfume esters were then synthesised using ethanol with sulphuric acid as catalyst.

Effective use of Paper Sludge (Hypo Sludge) in Concrete

Hypo sludge (paper industry waste) has a tremendous potential in this context and it is well documented that the use of hypo sludge in concrete results in a significant improvement is the rheological prosperities. The aim of this project is to determine the optimum percentage (7.5%, 10%, 12.5% and 15%) of Hypo sludge as as a

Composition of Waste Sludge from Municipal Wastewater ...

2.Experiment Materials & Methods 2.1.Sludge composition There are 68cm 3 sludge (water content 75%) produced by Jinan Guangda Sewage Plant(ÄŠ) everyday. In order to understand the characteristics of sludge, its organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus and heavy metals were analyzed, the results were shown in Table1.

Preliminary report on the tolerance and growth of micro ...

accumulation of sludge with high quantity of calcium hypo chlorite and calcium chloride. The process of washing of sludge leads to the increase in the effluent quantity.The wastewater produced by these industries is a serious environmental hazard because it contains diverse chemical compounds like

A highly efficient conditioning process to improve sludge ...

Apr 01, 2019· High levels of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and bound water in sludge negatively impact sludge dewaterability. This study applied a novel sludge conditioning process involving calcium hypochlorite (Ca(ClO) 2) oxidation, ferric coagulant re-flocculation, and walnut shell (WS) skeleton construction to remove EPS and bound water and improve sludge dewaterability.

2 Municipal Wastewater, Sewage Sludge, and Agriculture

Municipal Wastewater, Sewage Sludge, and Agriculture 21 life. Over a 10-year period, Yanko (1993) assayed 590 filtered and chlorine-treated secondary effluent samples from wastewater treatment plants in Los Angeles County for enteric viruses. All of the effluent samples had met California's wastewater reclamation standard of 2.2 coli-form/100 ...

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